Peter and the Wolf is a tone poem written by Sergei Prokofiev in 1936. Performed with narration, it tells the story of a boy named Peter who is warned by his grandfather not to venture beyond his home for fear of being attacked by wolves. The fearless Peter defies his grandfather, by venturing out to catch one on his own with the help of some animal friends. Each character in the story is represented by a group of instruments in the orchestra, and assist in telling the story.
- Sesame Street tells the story in the home video release, Elmo's Musical Adventure: Peter and the Wolf. Baby Bear and Papa Bear attend a Boston Pops concert, at which Baby Bear imagines Elmo and his other friends as characters in the story.
- The Sesame Street Players Present Peter and the Wolf is a book and tape set that adapts the story as a Sesame Street pageant.
- The Muppet Babies episode "Skeeter and the Wolf" is the babies' adaptation of the story, but Prokofiev's music is not used.
- The book and tape set Meet Big Bird's Orchestra features a selection from the musical.
- Big Bird and Grover listen to a recording of Peter and the Wolf in the book A Visit to the Sesame Street Library.
- Two sketches from a 2001 episode of Sesame Street featuring Prairie Dawn and the Big Bad Wolf end with a music sting that briefly quotes Peter's theme from the score.
- Peter's theme from the score also appears as background music during the "Musical Fairy Tales" sketch with Little Red Riding Hood.
- An animated Sesame Street insert features the Big Bad Wolf, in sheep's clothing, humming the classic score as he enters and exits. (EKA: Episode 2405)