Les Misérables is a 1980 French musical by Claude-Michel Schönberg and Alain Boublil (with Herbert Kretzmer adapting it to English) about prisoner Jean Valjean, who breaks his parole and starts his life anew, with officer Javer looking for him all the way. It is based on the book of the same name, written by Victor Hugo, and is the third longest running musical on Broadway.
- The Shalom Sesame episode, "It's Passover, Grover!", features a spoof of the show, Les Matzarables. In the musical, a family looks all around for the "Matzah in the House" in a song that spoofs "Master of the House."
- Alun Armstrong originated the role of Thenardier on London's West End (1985) and played it in the 1995 concert version
- Justin Bohon played Joly, a worker, sailor, and major domo in the Broadway revival (2006-2008)
- Kerry Butler played Eponine on Broadway in 1998
- Jesse Corti played Courfeyrac, a farmer, worker, and drinker in the original Broadway cast (1987)
- Madeleine Doherty played the old beggar woman, a factory worker, whore, diner and others on Broadway and understudied Madame Thenardier
- Sutton Foster played female ensemble roles on Broadway
- Anne Hathaway played Fantine in the 2012 film version
- Hugh Jackman played Jean Valjean in the 2012 film version
- Nick Jonas was a Gavroche alternate on Broadway and played Marius in the 25th anniversary concert (2010)
- Ricky Martin played Marius on Broadway in 1996
- Daphne Rubin-Vega played Fantine in the Broadway revival (2006-2007)
- Lea Salonga played Eponine on Broadway (Jan-March 1992) and the 1995 concert, and Fantine in the Broadway revival (2007) and 2010 concert
- Emanuel Vardi performed viola in the original Broadway cast recording (1987)
- Øystein Wiik played Valjean in Norway and in the international Valjean segment of the 1995 concert