Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) was a French post-Impressionist painter, art nouveau illustrator, and lithographer, and recorded the bohemian lifestyle of Paris at the end of the 19th century.
He was deemed "the soul of Montmartre", the Parisian quarter where he made his home. His paintings portray life at the Moulin Rouge and other Montmartre and Parisian cabaret and theaters, and in the brothels that he frequented. Two of the well-known people he portrayed were singer Yvette Guilbert, and Louise Weber, known as the outrageous La Goulue, a dancer who created the "French Can-Can."
- In episode 208 of The Muppet Show, the Lautrec Sisters -- a quartet of dancing rats -- audition for a spot on the show by dancing "The Garbage Can-Can".
- In 1984, Miss Piggy and Kermit appeared in Miss Piggy's Art Masterpiece Calendar in a spoof of Toulouse-Lautrec's 1893 portrait of Jane Avril. The same work of art is spoofed with Miss Piggy and Animal in the Muppet Art: 1999 Calendar.
- The Muppet Babies episode "The Muppet Museum of Art" features Baby Kermit as Lautrec with Baby Piggy taking on the role of Jane Avril.