Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was an acclaimed novelist whose works are considered classics of American literature. Often drawing from his own adventurous life, Hemingway's work is characterized by a crisp, distinct writing styles and by protagonists struggling against nature and war. Some of his most notable works include The Sun Also Rises (1926, his first major novel), A Farewell to Arms (1929), short stories like "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" (1936), and 1952's The Old Man and the Sea, which won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction the following year.
- Sesame Street's "Monsterpiece Theater" spoofed The Old Man and the Sea (both the book and the 1958 film starring Spencer Tracy) as The Old Man and the C, starring Grover in a boat atop a giant C.
- Another "Monsterpiece Theater" segment presented The Sun Also Rises, in which Grover and Merry Monster are worried that the sun will not rise as the rooster is sick and cannot crow.
- In the Dog City episode "Who Watches the Watch Dog?", Ace Hart pops up in a book. The paragraph on the lower left side consists of the opening to A Farewell to Arms.
- In the Elmo's World episode "Bells," viewers are told to stay tuned for "For Whom the Bells Toll" starring Harry Bell-afonte.